E-poster Presentation 2014 World Cancer Congress

Cancer Epidemiology in low income country: A case study of Aden Cancer Registry, Yemen, 15 years period (#579)

Amen A. Bawazir 1 2
  1. Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Aden, Aden, Yemen
  2. College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


 Cancer is a major public health problem worldwide and increasing in developing countries. Aden Cancer Registry (ACR), Yemen is an example of cancer registries in low income countries start to function in 1997 with low spending cost in registering cancer cases


 This study aims to explore the trend of cancer incidence along 15 years of period and compare findings with selected countries in the Middle East Region


 Cases reported from the different health care facilities are registered in Aden Cancer Registry as a population based cancer registry. All cancer cases were abstracted from patients’ medical records, based on clinical, histopathology, and radiological diagnosis then was coded using the International classification of diseases for oncology (ICD-O). CanReg4 programme is used to analyze the data for the years through 1997 and 2011


 A total of 6974 cases were included in this study, with 47% were males and 53% females. The overall annual incidence rate was 21.6 per 100,000 populations. In males the average annual incidence was 20.0 per 100,000 populations and in female 22.9 per 100,000 populations. The ten top types of cancers among males were colon, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), Leukaemia, Stomach, bladder, Oesophagus, skin, lung and trachea, liver, and Hodgkin diseases (HD). The rates and types of cancers among females were different which included some reproductive organs. These include Breast, NHL, Leukaemia, skin, ovary, cervix uteri, Oesophagus, thyroid, stomach, and HD. However, the incidence rates among male population were higher than in females except for the breast and the other specific related reproductive cancer


Rates of diagnosed cancer in ACR are far from that reported in high income countries but it is going more near to countries in the region