Goal: Investigate the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use in a cohort of people living with HIV in the city of Ouagadougou.
Method: This is a descriptive and analytical multicenter cross-sectional study of adults with PLHIV ( age ≥ 18 years) attending a clinic for treatment of their infection during the first quarter of 2011 in three urban clinical centers in the city of Ouagadougou.
Results: A total of 852 patients were recruited. Among them, 500 were already on ARV at the time of collection, 352 were initiating ARV treatment on the same day of collection. The prevalence of tobacco use was 7.8 %. The ARV treatment, gainful employment, gender and alcohol consumption were associated with tobacco use.
Conclusion: These results support the adoption of measures to prevent tobacco PLHIV, the fight against unemployment and strengthening the integration of HIV testing and medical care and social psychology in our country and poor countries in general.