Background: Burnout syndrome is a physiologically, emotionally, and intellectually felt status as a result of the incapacity to cope with the stress experienced. Resilience is a personal characteristic that decreases the negative effects of stress and supports compatibility
Aim: This study was conducted with the aim of identifying the resilience and burnout status of nurses working in the field of oncology
Methods:Thisdescriptive study was conducted among 140 nurses working actively in the Inpatient and Outpatient Clinics of Hematology and Oncology. University Ethics Board approval was obtained. The data were collected using a questionnaire form, Resilience Scale for Adults, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The questionnaire and scale forms were completed by the researchers in approximately 25 minutes. Percentage rates, mean values, Kruskal-Wallis Test and Mann-Whitney U-Test were used to evaluate the obtained data. The correlation analysis was performed to identify the correlations between the two sub-dimensions of the scales
Results:Mean emotional exhaustion score of the nurses was interpreted to be in the intermediate range (25.31±7.02) and mean depersonalization score (9.20±3.4) and mean personal accomplishment scores (16.58±5.97) were interpreted to be in the low ranges. Average scores of sub-dimensions of resilience score such as structural style, perception of future, family cohesion, perception of self, social competence, and social resources were (15.72±3.15) (intermediate), (16.23±5.64) (high), (23.56±4.53) (intermediate), (25.19±7.6) (high), (23.11±4.59) (intermediate), and (30.41±4.07) (high), respectively. There were significant negative correlations between perception of the future and personal accomplishment and emotional exhaustion, between structural style and depersonalization and personal accomplishment, and between social resources and depersonalization sub dimensions (p<0.01).
Conclusions:In this study, nurses working in the field of oncology were identified to experience emotional exhaustion and to have low personal success. Strategies to develop the individual and organizational talents of nurses to cope with those problems should be developed.