Tobacco use is a large scale problem in the world. It is argued that there is now sufficient evidence to regard behavioral pattern, in particular the relationship between physical variables, like smoking, stress and coping strategies are synergistic (Eysenck H J, Grossarth-Maticek R, Everitt B,1991; Carver Ch S, Antoni M H, 2005).
Aim The present study tests the hypothesis that diseases prone behavior pattern and smoking habit interact in a synergistic fashion in healthy probands.
Methods:: From the global healthy probands sample (n= 1 087 both gender aged 40-60 we were selected daily smoking group (n= 117) and (n= 128) non-smoking control group (men and women). The persons were administered The Eysenck Personality/stress Inventory and smoking questions. In the potentially healthy probands we are classified people into one of four behavior pattern. ANOVA and MANOVA were used for statistical analysis.
Results:The potentially healthy, daily smoking probands was characterized by Type 2 (overarousal) and this type showed the best synergistic interaction with smoking. The interaction was significant at p < .0001, R = 0.3772 .The Type 1 cancer prone (understimulation) took the second place at p < .0023, R=0.2637. The non-smoking group was statistically significant in the Type 3 (ambiwalence) at p < 0.0076, R=0.2323, and Type 4 (personal autonomy) at p<0.0044, R=0.2471.
In questions about knowledge and attitudes towards smoking: 67% of adults smoking and 78% adults` non-smoking believe that smoking causes lung cancer, 56% smoking and 69% non-smoking believe that smoking causes heart attacks.
Conclusions: In Polish sample from which we are selected smoking probands, we had found synergistic correlation between smoking, behavior pattern and coping startegies. In future could like be tested a longitudinal study in healthy probands in predicting cancer-prone and comparable our research in peoples from other countries.